Famous Paintings of Winslow Homer An American Landscape Painter and Printmaker
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Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 — September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art.

Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator. He subsequently took up oil painting and produced major studio works characterized by the weight and density he exploited from the medium. He also worked extensively in watercolor, creating a fluid and prolific oeuvre, primarily chronicling his working vacations.

Homer never taught in a school or privately, as did Thomas Eakins, but his works strongly influenced succeeding generations of American painters for their direct and energetic interpretation of man’s stoic relationship to an often neutral and sometimes harsh wilderness. Robert Henri called Homer’s work an “integrity of nature.”

American illustrator and teacher Howard Pyle revered Homer and encouraged his students to study him. His student and fellow illustrator, N. C. Wyeth (and through him Andrew Wyeth and Jamie Wyeth), shared the influence and appreciation, even following Homer to Maine for inspiration. The elder Wyeth’s respect for his antecedent was “intense and absolute,” and can be observed in his early work Mowing (1907). Perhaps Homer’s austere individualism is best captured in his admonition to artists: “Look at nature, work independently, and solve your own problems.”

Winslow Homer Gallery

Unlike many artists who were well known for working in only one art medium, Winslow Homer was prominent in a variety of art media.

The War for the Union, 1862, wood engraving (multiple museum collections)

The Bridle Path, 1868, oil painting (Clark Art Institute)

A Rainy Day in Camp, 1871, oil on canvas. Private collection

Gloucester Harbor, 1873, oil on canvas. Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art

Song of the Lark, 1876, oil on canvas. Chrysler Museum of Art

Camp Fire, 1877–1878, oil on canvas. Metropolitan Museum of Art

Perils of the Sea, 1881, watercolor. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute

Santiago de Cuba: Street Scene, 1885. watercolor and graphite. Yale University Art Gallery

Improve the Present Hour, c. 1889, etching (multiple museum collections)

After the Hurricane, Bahamas, 1899, watercolor (Art Institute of Chicago)

The Red Canoe, 1889, watercolor, Peabody Collection

The new novel, 1877, Museum of Fine arts, Springfield, Massachusetts