Katsushika Hokusai, A Japanese Artist and Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
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Katsushika Hokusai (葛飾 北斎, October 31, 1760 — May 10, 1849) was a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period. He was influenced by such painters as Sesshu, and other styles of Chinese painting. Born in Edo (now Tokyo), Hokusai is best known as author of the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (富嶽三十六景 Fugaku Sanjuroku-kei?, c. 1831) which includes the internationally recognized print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, created during the 1820s.
Hokusai created the “Thirty-Six Views” both as a response to a domestic travel boom and as part of a personal obsession with Mount Fuji. It was this series, specifically The Great Wave print and Fuji in Clear Weather, that secured Hokusai’s fame both in Japan and overseas. As historian Richard Lane concludes, “Indeed, if there is one work that made Hokusai’s name, both in Japan and abroad, it must be this monumental print-series…”. While Hokusai’s work prior to this series is certainly important, it was not until this series that he gained broad recognition.
In the West, the artist may be known for his woodblock print of The Great Wave off Kanagawa.
Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji is an ukiyo-e series of large, color woodblock prints by the Japanese artist Katsushika Hokusai (1760–1849). The series depicts Mount Fuji in differing seasons and weather conditions from a variety of different places and distances. It actually consists of 46 prints created between 1826 and 1833. The first 36 were included in the original publication and, due to their popularity, ten more were added after the original publication.
Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
1) The Great Wave off Kanagawa 神奈川沖浪裏 Kanagawa oki nami-ura
2) South Wind, Clear Sky (There is another impression of 凱風快晴, also known as Red Fuji) 凱風快晴 Gaifū kaisei
3) Rainstorm Beneath the Summit 山下白雨 Sanka hakū
4) Under Mannen Bridge at Fukagawa 深川万年橋下 Fukagawa Mannen-bashi shita
5) Sundai, Edo 東都駿台 Tōto sundai
6) The Circular Pine Trees of Aoyama 青山円座松 Aoyama enza-no-matsu
7) Senju, Musashi Province 武州千住 Bushū Senju
8) Inume Pass, Kōshū 甲州犬目峠 Kōshū inume-tōge
9) Fuji View Field in Owari Province 尾州不二見原 Bishū Fujimigahara
10) Ejiri in Suruga Province 駿州江尻 Sunshū Ejiri
11) A sketch of the Mitsui shop in Suruga in Edo 江都駿河町三井見世略図 Kōto Suruga-cho Mitsui Miseryakuzu
12) Sunset across the Ryōgoku bridge from the bank of the Sumida River at Onmayagashi 御厩川岸より両国橋夕陽見 Ommayagashi yori ryōgoku-bashi yūhi mi
13) Sazai hall – Temple of Five Hundred Rakan 五百らかん寺さざゐどう Gohyaku-rakanji Sazaidō
14) Tea house at Koishikawa. The morning after a snowfall 礫川雪の旦 Koishikawa yuki no ashita