Titian – Tiziano Vecelli – Painter of Renaissance Masterpieces – Video 5 of 8
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Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. 1488/1490 — 27 August 1576) known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. He was born in Pieve di Cadore, near Belluno (in Veneto), in the Republic of Venice. During his lifetime he was often called da Cadore, taken from the place of his birth.
Recognized by his contemporaries as “The Sun Amidst Small Stars” (recalling the famous final line of Dante’s Paradiso), Titian was one of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects. His painting methods, particularly in the application and use of color, would exercise a profound influence not only on painters of the Italian Renaissance, but on future generations of Western art.
During the last twenty-six years of his life (1550–1576) the artist worked mainly for Philip II and as a portrait-painter. For Philip II he painted a series of large mythological paintings known as the “poesie”, mostly from Ovid, which are regarded as among his greatest works. Thanks to the prudishness of Philip’s successors, these were later mostly given as gifts and only two remain in the Prado. Titian was producing religious works for Philip at the same time. The “poesie” series contained the following works:
Venus and Adonis, of which the original is in the Prado, but several versions exist, and
Danaë, both sent to Philip in 1553.
Diana and Actaeon and
Diana and Callisto, were despatched in 1559, then
Perseus and Andromeda (The Wallace Collection, now damaged) and
The Rape of Europa (Boston, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum), delivered in 1562.
The Death of Actaeon was begun in 1559 but worked on for many years, and never completed or delivered.
Another painting that apparently remained in his studio at his death, and has been much less well known until recent decades, is the powerful, even “repellent”, Flaying of Marsyas (Kroměříž, Czech Republic) Another violent masterpiece is Tarquin and Lucretia (Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum).
Titian (List of works)
Jacopo Pesaro being presented by Pope Alexander VI to Saint Peter (1503–06), Christ Carrying the Cross (c. 1505 — also attributed to Giorgione), A Man with a Quilted Sleeve (c. 1509), Pastoral Concert (c. 1509 — also attributed to Giorgione), St. Mark Enthroned (c. 1510), The Gypsy Madonna (c. 1510), La Schiavona (1510–12), Miracle of the Jealous Husband (1511), The Three Ages of Man (c. 1512–14), Balbi Holy Conversation (c. 1513), Noli me tangere (c. 1514), Sacred and Profane Love (c. 1514), Tarquin and Lucretia (1515), Flora (c. 1515), Salome (c. 1515), Vanity (c. 1515), Violante (c. 1515), Woman with a Mirror (c. 1515), The Tribute Money (c. 1516), Assumption of the Virgin (1516–18), The Worship of Venus (1518–19), Pesaro Madonna (1519–26), Gozzi Altarpiece (1520), Malchiostro Annunciation (c. 1520), Man with a Glove (c. 1520), Portrait of Vincenzo Mosti (c. 1520), The Entombment of Christ (c. 1520), Venus Anadyomene (c. 1520), Young Woman in a Black Dress (c. 1520), Averoldi Polyptych (1520–22), Bacchus and Ariadne (1520–23), Portrait of Laura Dianti (c. 1520–25), The Bacchanal of the Andrians (1523–26), Portrait of Federico II Gonzaga (c. 1529), The Madonna of the Rabbit (1530), Penitent Magdalene (1533), Portrait of Charles V with a Dog (1533), Portrait of Ippolito de’ Medici (1533), Portrait of Giacomo Doria (1533–35), Portrait of Isabella d’Este (1534–36), La Bella (c. 1536), Venus of Urbino (1538), Alfonso d’Avalos Addressing his Troops (1540), Saint John the Baptist (1540), Portrait of a Young Englishman (1540–45), Portrait of Clarissa Strozzi (1542), The Crowning with Thorns (1542–43), Portrait of the Vendramin Family (1543–47), Portrait of Pietro Aretino (1545), Portrait of Lavinia Vecellio (c. 1545), Portrait of Pope Paul III (1545–46), Pope Paul III and his Grandsons (1545–46), Self-Portrait (1546–47), Venus and Music (1547), Equestrian Portrait of Charles V (1548), Portrait of Charles V (1548), Portrait of Isabella of Portugal (1548), The Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence (c. 1548–59), The Punishment of Tythus (1549), Philip II in Armour (1550), Saint Jerome in Penitence (1552)