Eugene Delacroix (1798 – 1863) – A French Romantic Painter and Artist – Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Painting
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Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (1798 – 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
As a painter and muralist, Delacroix’s use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish author Walter Scott and the German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on colour and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Lord Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the “forces of the sublime”, of nature in often violent action.
Some of Eugene Delacroix’s famous paintings…
Massacre at Chios (1824), Louvre
Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi (1826), Musée des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux
The Death of Sardanapalus (1827), Philadelphia Museum of Art
Horse Frightened by a Storm, watercolour, 1824
Liberty Leading the People (1830), Louvre, Paris
Christ on the Sea of Galilee, 1854
Fanatics of Tangier (1838), Minneapolis Institute of Art
The Barque of Dante (1822), Louvre
Lion Hunt (1855), Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
The Women of Algiers, 1834, Louvre