Piero della Francesca (1415 – 1492) originally named Piero di Benedetto, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance.

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Paintings by Piero della Francesca

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Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 – 12 October 1492), originally named Piero di Benedetto, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. To contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer. Nowadays Piero della Francesca is chiefly appreciated for his art. His painting is characterized by its serene humanism, its use of geometric forms and perspective. His most famous work is the cycle of frescoes The History of the True Cross in the church of San Francesco in the Tuscan town of Arezzo.

Piero was born Piero di Benedetto in the town of Borgo Santo Sepolcro, modern-day Tuscany, to Benedetto de’ Franceschi, a tradesman, and Romana di Perino da Monterchi, members of the Florentine and Tuscan Franceschi noble family. His father died before his birth, and he was called Piero della Francesca after his mother, who supported his education in mathematics and art.

In the late 1450s, Piero copied and illustrated the following works of Archimedes: On the Sphere and Cylinder, Measurement of a Circle, On Conoids and Spheroids, On Spirals, On the Equilibrium of Planes, The Quadrature of the Parabola, and The Sand Reckoner. The manuscript consists of 82 folio leaves, is held in the collection of the Biblioteca Riccardiana and is a copy of the translation of the Archimedean corpus made by Italian humanist Iacopo da San Cassiano.

Polyptych of the Misericordia (1445–62) – Oil and tempera on panel, base 330 cm, height 273 cm, Museo Civico Sansepolcro
The Baptism of Christ (c. 1448–50) – Tempera on panel, 168 × 116 cm, National Gallery, London
St. Jerome in Penitence (c. 1449–51) – Oil on panel, 51 × 38 cm, Staatliche Museen, Berlin
St. Jerome and a Donor (1451) – Panel, 40 × 42 cm, Gallerie dell’Accademia, Venice
Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta Praying in Front of St. Sigismund (1451) – Fresco, Tempio Malatestiano, Rimini
Portrait of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta (c. 1451) – Tempera and oil on panel, 44.5 × 34.5 cm, Musée du Louvre, Paris
The History of the True Cross (c. 1455–66) – Frescoes, San Francesco, Arezzo
The Flagellation of Christ (c. 1460) – Tempera on panel, 59 × 81.5 cm, Galleria Nazionale delle Marche, Urbino
Polyptych of Saint Augustine (1460–70) – Oil and tempera on panel
Resurrection (c. 1463) – Fresco, 225 × 200 cm, Museo Civico Sansepolcro
Madonna del parto (1459–67) – Detached fresco, 260 × 203 cm, Chapel of the cemetery, Monterchi
Nativity (c. 1470) – 124.5 × 123 cm, National Gallery, London
Polyptych of Perugia (c. 1470) – Oil on panel, 338 × 230 cm, Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria, Perugia
Madonna and Child with Saints (Montefeltro Altarpiece, (1472–74) – Oil on panel, 248 × 170 cm, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Paired portraits (c. 1472) of Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza, respectively the Duke and Duchess of Urbino – Oil on panel, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
Madonna di Senigallia (c. 1474) – Oil on panel, 67 × 53.5 cm, Galleria Nazionale delle Marche, Urbino