Gustav Klimt (1862 – 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement.

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Paintings by Gustav Klimt

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Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d’art. Klimt’s primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes. Among the artists of the Vienna Secession, Klimt was the most influenced by Japanese art and its methods.

Early in his artistic career, he was a successful painter of architectural decorations in a conventional manner. As he developed a more personal style, his work was the subject of controversy that culminated when the paintings he completed around 1900 for the ceiling of the Great Hall of the University of Vienna were criticized as pornographic. He subsequently accepted no more public commissions, but achieved a new success with the paintings of his “golden phase”, many of which include gold leaf. Klimt’s work was an important influence on his younger contemporary Egon Schiele.

In 2006, the 1907 portrait, Adele Bloch-Bauer I, was purchased for the Neue Galerie New York by Ronald Lauder reportedly for US $135 million, surpassing Picasso’s 1905 Boy With a Pipe (sold May 5, 2004 for $104 million), as the highest reported price ever paid for a painting up to that point.

On August 7, 2006, Christie’s auction house announced it was handling the sale of the remaining four works by Klimt that were recovered by Maria Altmann and her co-heirs after their long legal battle against Austria (see Republic of Austria v. Altmann). Altmann’s fight to regain her family’s paintings has been the subject of a number of documentary films, including Adele’s Wish. Her struggle also became the subject of the dramatic film the Woman in Gold, a movie inspired by Stealing Klimt, the documentary featuring Maria Altmann herself. The portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II was sold at auction in November 2006 for $88 million, the third-highest priced piece of art at auction at the time. The Apple Tree I (c. 1912) sold for $33 million, Birch Forest (1903) sold for $40.3 million, and Houses in Unterach on Lake Atter (1916) sold for $31 million. Collectively, the five restituted paintings netted more than $327 million. The painting Litzlberg am Attersee was auctioned for $40.4 million at Sotheby’s in November 2011.

The city of Vienna, Austria had many special exhibitions commemorating the 150th anniversary of Klimt’s birth in 2012.

List of paintings by Gustav Klimt

Klimt University of Vienna Ceiling Paintings
Palais Stoclet mosaic in Brussels
Fable (1883)
Idylle (1884)
The Theatre in Taormina (1886–1888), Burgtheater, Vienna
Auditorium in the Old Burgtheater, Vienna (1888)
Portrait of Joseph Pembauer, the Pianist and Piano Teacher (1890)
Ancient Greece II (Girl from Tanagra) (1890–91)
Portrait of a Lady (Frau Heymann?) (1894)
Music I (1895)
Love (1895)
Sculpture (1896)
Tragedy (1897)
Music II (1898)
Pallas Athene (1898)
Flowing water (1898)
Portrait of Sonja Knips (1898)
Fish Blood (1898)
Schubert at the Piano (destroyed 1899)
After the Rain (Garden with Chickens in St Agatha) (1899)
Nymphs (Silver Fish) (1899)
Mermaids (1899)
Philosophy (1899–1907)[47]
Nuda Veritas (1899)
Portrait of Serena Lederer (1899)
Medicine (Hygieia) (1900–1907)
Music (Lithograph) (1901)
Judith I (1901)
Buchenwald (Birkenwald) (1901)
Gold Fish (To my critics) (1901–02)
Portrait of Gertha Felsovanyi (1902)
Portrait of Emilie Flöge (1902)
Beech Forest (1902)
Beech Grove I (1902)
Beethoven Frieze (1902)[48][49]
Beech woods (1903)
Hope (1903)
Pear Tree (1903)
Life is a struggle (1903)
Jurisprudence (1903–1907)[50]
Water Serpents I (1904–1907)
Water Serpents II (1904–1907)
The Three Ages of Woman (1905)
Portrait of Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein (1905)
Farm Garden (Flower Garden) (1905–06)
The Stoclet Frieze (1905–1909),
Portrait of Fritsa Reidler (1906),
Sunflower (1906–07),
Farm Garden with Sunflowers (1907),
Danaë (1907),
Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907),
Poppy Field (1907)
Hope II (1907–08)
Schloss Kammer [de] on the Attersee I (1908)
The Kiss (1907–08)
Lady with Hat and Feather Boa (1909)
The Tree of Life (1909)
Judith II (Salomé) (1909)
Black Feather Hat (Lady with Feather Hat) (1910)
Schloss Kammer on the Attersee III (1910)
The Park (1910)
Death and Life (1911)
Cottage Garden with Crucifix (destroyed) (1911–12)
Apple Tree (1912)
Forester’s House, Weissenbach on Lake Attersee (1912)
Portrait of Mäda Gertrude Primavesi (1912)
Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912)