Anton Raphael Mengs (1728 – 1779) was a German (Saxon) painter in the (Rococo) Neoclassical painting style
Paintings by Anton Raphael Mengs
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Anton Raphael Mengs (1728 – 1779) was a German (Saxon) painter, active in Dresden, Rome and Madrid, who while painting in the Rococo period of the mid-18th century became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting, which replaced Rococo as the dominant painting style.
In 1749 Anton Raphael Mengs was appointed first painter to Frederick Augustus, elector of Saxony, but this did not prevent him from continuing to spend much of his time in Rome. There he married Margarita Guazzi, who had sat for him as a model in 1748. He converted to Catholicism, and in 1754 he became director of the Vatican painting school. His fresco painting Parnassus at Villa Albani gained him a reputation as a master painter.
In 1749 Mengs accepted a commission from the Duke of Northumberland to make a copy, in oil on canvas, of Raphael’s fresco The School of Athens for his London home. Executed in 1752–5, Mengs’s painting is full-sized, but he adapted the composition to a rectangular format and added other figures. It is now in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Artworks of Anton Raphael Mengs
Ascension (Dresden, Court Church), 1751/1766
St Joseph (Dresden, Court Church), 1751/1766
The Glory of Saint Eusebius (ceiling fresco, Sant’Eusebio, Rome), 1757 (modello, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Canada Ottawa)
Portrait of Ferdinand I (National Museum of Capodimonte, Naples, Italy), 1759
Charles III (Museo del Prado, Madrid), 1761
Infante Don Louis de Borbon (Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio)
Prince of Asturias, Future Charles IV of Spain (са 1765)
Portrait of Maria Luisa of Spain
Helios as Personification of Midday (ca. 1765)
St. John the Baptist Preaching in the Wilderness
Diana as Personification of the Night (ca. 1765)
La marquesa de Llano, Madonna and Child, Saint Peter
The Triumph of History over Time, ceiling Vatican Library.
Portrait of William Burton Conyngham (1733–1796)
The Dream of St. Joseph, 1774
Self Portrait at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1774
The notorious fake antique fresco of Jupiter and Ganymede, tailored to deceive Winckelmann has been attributed to Mengs or Giovanni Casanova
Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1777
Seated Nude Male at the Metropolitan Museum of Art