Andrei Rublev (1360s – 1430) was one of the greatest medieval Russian painters of Orthodox icons and frescos.

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Paintings by Andrei Rublev

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Andrei Rublev (Russian: Andrey Rublyov 1360s – 1427? or 1430?) is considered to be one of the greatest medieval Russian painters of Orthodox icons and frescos. Rublev’s famous icon of the Trinity.

Saint Andrei Rublev
Venerable Father (Prepodobne)
Born between 1360 and 1370
Died between 1427 and 1430
Andronikov Monastery, Moscow
Venerated in Eastern Orthodox Church
Anglican Communion
Canonized – 6 June 1988, Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra by 1988 Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church
Feast – 29 January, 4 July

Little information survives about his life; even where he was born is unknown. He probably lived in the Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra, near Moscow, under Nikon of Radonezh, who became hegumen after the death of Sergii Radonezhsky in 1392. The first mention of Rublev is in 1405, when he decorated icons and frescos for the Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Moscow Kremlin, in company with Theophanes the Greek and Prokhor of Gorodets. His name was the last of the list of masters, as the junior both by rank and by age. Theophanes was an important Byzantine master, who moved to Russia and is considered to have trained Rublev.

The only work authenticated as entirely his is the icon of the Trinity (c. 1410, currently in the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow). It is based on an earlier icon known as the “Hospitality of Abraham” (illustrating Genesis 18). Rublev removed the figures of Abraham and Sarah from the scene, and through a subtle use of composition and symbolism changed the subject to focus on the Mystery of the Trinity.

Andrei Rublev Artwork

Nativity of Jesus, 1405 (Cathedral of the Annunciation, Moscow Kremlin)
Baptism of Jesus, 1405 (Cathedral of the Annunciation, Moscow)
Annunciation, 1405 (Cathedral of the Annunciation, Moscow)
Version of the Theotokos of Vladimir, ca. 1405
St. Michael, 1408 (Iconostasis at Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir)
St. Gabriel, 1408 (Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir)
St. Andrew the First-called, 1408 (Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir)
St. Gregory the Theologian, 1408 (Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir)